Used TOYOTA COROLLA Models Comparison
The Toyota Corolla sedan was introduced in 1966 to replace the Toyota Publica. By 1974, the Corolla nameplate had become the best-selling car across the globe. It has remained at, or near the top, in sales throughout the ensuing four decades. Due to the popularity of the Corolla, Toyota has been one of the best-selling automakers around the globe for many years, often bandying the top position with Chrysler Corp and the Volkswagen Group. The Toyota Corolla sedan incorporates many of the top selling points that drivers are looking for today: economy, reliability, and outstanding safety. With this winning combination, the Corolla looks to stand astride automobile sales for many years to come.
"Why do customers typically buy this vehicle? Because it has a long standing history of great reliability, affordability, and sensibility."
The Toyota Corolla sedan began life as a subcompact alternative in 1966. It was introduced as a larger version of the Toyota Publica, which continued to be sold until 1978. The Corolla, designed to be an economic family car, introduced several innovations to the Japanese market as well as a new engine design. Riding a new wave of private automobile ownership, the Corolla quickly began to outsell all of its competitors, emerging as the best-selling car in the world by 1974. Through eleven generations, the Corolla has always been an outstanding car for reliability and economy.
First Generation (1966 - 1970)
The first generation of the Toyota Corolla sedan, the E10 version, went on sale in Japan in November of 1966. It was sold exclusively through the Toyota Corolla Store. It was seen as an answer to the Datsun 1000 that had been available for several months. The earliest generations of the Corolla sedan were meant to fit into the subcompact category. As such, the E10 Corolla had a wheelbase of just 2286mm. The Corolla had a standard four-speed manual transmission or a two-speed automatic as an option. It was also rear-wheel driven. When the Corolla sedan was introduced, it featured a floor shift transmission; an oddity because floor-shift transmissions were thought to only be for use in trucks. At the time, there was an implication that a four-speed was needed because the car lacked enough torque.
The first generation Corolla introduced the new 1100cc K pushrod engine. The K engine was a series of two-valve pushrod, non-crossflow engines. These engines have cast iron blocks, and aluminum alloy heads, a crankshaft supported by five main bearings, and both hydraulic valve lifters and solid lifters as well as 1.5 ratio rockers. At the time these were very unusual engines for Toyota. The Corolla was designed to have a sub-1,000 cc engine, but the 1,100 was used to offer more power than the Datsun 1000. The larger engine caused owners to pay an additional tax, but the added power gave the Corolla a selling point that it built on in 1969 by upgrading the engine to a 1,166 cc power plant.
Second Generation (1970 - 1974)
The second generation of the Toyota Corolla sedan was referred to by the chassis designation of E20. The E20 group was completely restyled to take advantage of the ''Coke-bottle style'' that was popular at the time. Coke bottle styling, like the soda bottles, features outward curving fenders and a narrow center, not when viewed top to bottom, but when seen in profile. The design lowered the air drag coefficient and allowed for improved fuel economy. The second generation had a slightly greater wheelbase as well as two new engine options: 1,400cc and a 1,600cc OVC engines were available.
One consistent complaint owners voiced with the first generation was the front suspension. In response, Toyota used a sway bar in place of the transverse leaf spring used in the first generation. This greatly improved the front-end. In part due to the better suspension system and engine upgrades, the Corolla sedan became the second-best selling car in the world in 1970.
Third Generation (1974 - 1979)
The third generation of the Toyota Corolla sedan was given the E30 and E31 designation, depending on the engine used. The E50 sport coupe was added in 1976 and remained in production until July 1981. The third generation sedan was available as a two-door and as a four-door. Both vehicles were given a rounder body to fit the emerging tastes of customers. The Corolla grew in height, width, and curb weight. Toyota added several engines during the third generation. In Japan these engines included the 3K-C 1,166cc I4, the 3K-U 1,166 I4, the 3K-H 1,166 I4 in commercial vehicles, the T 1,407cc I4, the 2T-C 1,588cc I4, the 12T-U 1,588cc, and the 2T-G 1,588cc I4.
Additionally, the transmission options were upgraded, adding a "Toyoglide" 2 or 3-speed automatic transmission to the four and five-speed manual transmission options. The main safety upgrade was retractable front seatbelts.
Fourth Generation (1979 - 1983)
The fourth generation was given the E70 designation, reflecting the chassis designations reserved for the Toyota Sprinter that was using the same chassis at the time. The E70 generation was a squared off version when compared to the third generation. The K and T-series of engines were discontinued at the end of the third generation. Fuel injection became an option later in the E70 run. Daily production of the Toyota Corolla topped 2,300 units and the one millionth Corolla was produced in February of 1983, prompting Toyota to release a limited ''One Millionth'' edition in Japan only.
The fourth generation of the Corolla had nine engine options, but the most notable came in 1983 with the introduction of the 1,587c 4A-C. After this engine was introduced, Toyota began to focus on aluminum head, Over Head Cams (OHC) engines moving forward. The fourth generation was also the last Corolla to be available as a rear-wheel drive vehicle exclusively and was the first to have power steering.
Fifth Generation (1983 - 1987)
The E80 fifth generation Corolla followed a worldwide trend of sloping bonnets and clearly defined edges. The Corolla grew again, now having a wheelbase of 2,430 mm, but still falling into the subcompact category in most markets. The vast majority of Corollas were front-wheel drive, with the exception of the AE85 and AE86 sport coupes. The two-door sedan was eliminated, but the four-door sedan remained a strong selling model throughout the fifth generation.
In Japan, the 1,295cc 2A engine was replaced by a newer 12-valve 2E 1,295cc engine that created more horsepower and torque. The 2E was the smallest engine in the range, which topped out with a 1,839 cc diesel option. Transmission options included a sporty five-speed manual as well as three and four-speed automatics.
Sixth Generation (1987 - 1991)
The E90 Corolla took on a much sleeker, aerodynamic styling. The sixth generation eliminated rear-wheel drive completely, but did offer 4WD All-Trac in some models. In Japan, the sedan had two chassis sub-designations depending on the engine used. The EE90 was powered by a 1,295 cc engine and either a four-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. It was available in the DX, TX, and Custom trim levels. The AE91 sub-designation was powered by a 1,490cc engine that could be paired to either transmission, but was only available in the sedan wagon. Other engine variants were available, but not in the sedan that is being concentrated on in this article.
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Seventh Generation (1991 - 1995)
The E100 seventh generation of the Corolla became larger and heavier, moving from the subcompact class into the compact category in most markets. Despite its larger size, the E100 was much more aerodynamic, eliminating many of the sharp edges that had defined earlier generations the carburetor became a thing of the past with this generation; with Toyota opting for fuel injection much like the majority of automakers around the world. The seventh generation, developed by Dr. Akihiko Saito, was meant to be a ‘‘mini-Lexus.''
The base sedan is powered by a 1,295cc I4 on the low end, but can be bought with the optional 1,974cc engine that could be either petrol or diesel. In Japan, the standard transmission remained either a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic and a 4WD option was added to the Corolla lineup.
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Eigth Generation (1995 - 2000)
The eight generation of the Corolla sedan was given the AE110 (1.5 L) and AE111 (1.6 L) designations depending on he trim package. The eighth generation was nearly identical to the seventh due to a recession in Japan. By 1997, the recession had lifted and the Corolla was slightly restyled. The front-end and interior were only mildly refreshed, but the rear of the car was restyled to the point that parts are not interchangeable with pre-refresh versions.
There are six engines available in the Japanese market. The base trim engine is a 4E-FE 1331cc I4 petrol engine. The top trim petrol engine is a 4A-FE 1587cc I4. Diesel options included a 2C-III 1974cc I4 and a 3C-E 2184cc I4.
Ninth Generation (2000 - 2006)
The E120 ninth generation of the Toyota Corolla brought a facelift and a refreshed engine lineup. In the Japanese market, the Corolla features a 2,600mm wheelbase and is built on a shortened Toyota Vista platform. The trim packages included the X Assista Package (Base), X, G, and Luxel, with a 4WD option added in 2003. (View models TA-NZE121(2WD, 1.5 L), TA-NZE124 (4WD, 1.5 L), CBA-ZZE122(2WD,Luxel model )
Toyota offered a plethora of engine options for this generation. The base petrol engine was an efficient 4ZZ-FE 1,398cc I4 and topped out with the powerful 2ZZ-GE 1,796cc I4. Diesel options included a 1ND-TV 1,364cc I4 and a 1CD-FTV 1,995cc I4 that delivered plenty of power and a high level of fuel efficiency.
Tenth Generation (2006 - 2012)
"The name change from Corolla Sedan to Corolla Axio came with Dual VVTI to improve engine efficiency from previous models."
The tenth generation of the Corolla was given the chassis designation E140-narrow and was dubbed the Corolla Axio in Japan. The Corolla Axio's dimensions were slightly smaller to meet Japanese governmental regulations. While it retained a 2,600mm wheelbase, the body was narrower and slightly shorter than the international model.
The base model was given the Japanese model codes DBA-NZE141 and DBA-NZE144. These models are powered by a 1,496cc 1NZ-FE I4 capable of producing 109 bhp and achieving 18.2 km/l when paired to the optional CVT. Trim levels include X and G for model year 2006, but were expanded to include the X HID, X Special, and Luxel series of trim beginning in 2007. If buyers opt for the Luxel package, an edition (Japanese model code DBA-ZRE142), they are treated to a powerful 1,797cc engine that produces 136 bhp. Even with the more powerful engine, the Corolla Axio with this package is able to offer 17.2 km/l when equipped with front-wheel drive and a CVT. In 2012, near the end of the tenth generation, Toyota added 1.3X and 1.3X G-Edition trim levels. These trim packages were given the Japanese model code DBA-NRE160 and feature a 1,329cc engine paired to a CVT with the front-wheel drive layout. The smaller engine allows equipped Axio's to obtain 20.6 km/l.
The Corolla Axio features Toyota's most highly developed intelligent parking-assist system at the time. A back up camera is standard across the range and G-BOOK is an option. The Axio introduced a Pre-Crash Safety System that utilizes millimeter-wave radar. This system integrates three sub-systems, the Pre-Crash Seatbelts, the Pre-Crash Brake Assist System, and the Radar Cruise Control system which combine to reduce the risk of high-speed crashes, making the Axio the safest Corolla built to date.
Eleventh Generation (2012 - present)
The eleventh generation of the Toyota Corolla, E160 designation, is still titled as the Corolla Axio and did not receive any major changes. The major improvements over the tenth generation are under the hood. For the eleventh generation Toyota has added an optional hybrid drive system and improved on the 1,329cc 1.3 trim group.
The hybrid drive system, given the Japanese model code DAA-NKE165, is able to reduce CO2 emissions by 64 percent and offers 33.0 km/l. Both numbers are incredible considering the Hybrid is powered by a 1,496cc engine! The 1.3 line-up, still carrying the Japanese model code DBA-NRE160, continues to offer 20.6 km/l and is now offered with upgraded trim options. All Axio models now feature Toyota's ''Safety Sense C'' package. This upgraded system features proprietary Pre-Collision, Lane Departure Alert, Automatic High Beam and laser radar systems to provide superior safety for drivers and passengers alike.